Often referred to as bath salts, bath salts are a form of recreational designer drug. They are often white powder that resembles Epsom salts. Compared to Epsom salts, bath salts have a slightly different chemical composition.
Myths about bath salts
Several myths about bath salts are circulating around. They are not safe, and may have unintended side effects. Using bath salts can be an addictive behavior. In addition, they can lead to physical damage and even death.
Bath salts are man-made substances. They are typically crystalline or powdered. They may be inhaled, injected, or consumed orally. Their effects vary from person to person. They are a powerful stimulant that may increase blood pressure and energy, as well as reduce inhibitions. They may also induce a euphoric high. They are also often cut with other chemicals, and may not show up on a traditional drug test.
In 2012, a number of violent crimes were reported as being caused by designer drugs. A particularly infamous case involved a Missouri woman who bit her neighbor. The incident is thought to have been caused by bath salts, though there was no concrete evidence to support this claim.
The Synthetic Drug Abuse Prevention Act of 2012 attempted to regulate bath salts due to increased reports of abuse. However, the act did not go far enough. Some bath salts are sold in pill form, and some are sold under the names “plant food” or “research chemicals”.
The Epsom Salt Council published a list of ten “medical” benefits of bath salts, although most of them were unsubstantiated. Using bath salts may be a good idea for those suffering from fibromyalgia or magnesium deficiency. It can also be beneficial for rehabilitating injuries and sore muscles.
Bath salts may be a big hit among the young. Those who are under pressure, stressed out, or dealing with a stressful lifestyle may turn to bath salts as a coping mechanism.
During the first decade of the 21st century, synthetic cathinones were used as recreational drugs. The abuse of these drugs has increased across Europe and the U.S. In 2009-10, there were over 150 new synthetic cathinones identified. These drugs are similar to amphetamines and cocaine. They have a high potential for abuse, and can lead to intense cravings.
In the United States, there are three common synthetic cathinones that are under investigation: MDPV, mephedrone and methylone. These three cathinones are classified as illegal drugs, and President Obama signed a law making them illegal.
These drugs are similar to amphetamines, but they are harder than natural cathinones. They are also highly addictive, causing intense cravings and dependence. They can lead to physical and mental harm, including severe withdrawal symptoms. In addition, they can produce euphoria, sex drive, hallucinations, and paranoia.
Bath salts contain synthetic cathinones. They are commonly snorted or taken orally. They can also be injected into veins. These substances can have many dangerous effects, including cardiac symptoms, dehydration, muscle tissue breakdown, seizures, and death. The high that bath salts produce can last for several hours.
Bath salts are an emerging family of drugs. They are similar to amphetamines and MDMA, but they are harder than natural cathinones. Synthetic cathinones are also chemically related to cocaine. They are often marketed as a “Molly” substitute, but they are not actually related to the drug.
Bath salts are dangerous because they are incredibly addictive. In addition, they can be very hard to quit. If you suddenly stop taking bath salts, you will most likely enter withdrawal. Attempting to stop your intake can be very dangerous because you do not have any coping mechanisms. Attempting to stop may lead to serious complications, such as dehydration and rhabdomyolysis.
Injection use of bath salts
Whether snorted, injected, or swallowed, bath salts are a new type of designer drug. They produce euphoria similar to methamphetamine, but are often sold under different brand names. The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime designates them as a new psychoactive substance. This substance poses a risk to public health, according to researchers.
Often sold in plastic tubs, bath salts are sold by local dealers and on the internet. They are marketed as a cheaper substitute for illicit drugs. They are often sold at raves.
Bath salts are classified as Schedule I drugs, meaning they are illegal. Among the symptoms of bath salt abuse are hypertension, psychosis, rhabdomyolysis, and organ failure. Injection use of the drug is becoming more prevalent.
Injection use of bath salts has become common in the United States, especially among males in the mid to late twenties. These individuals tend to smoke, inject, or swallow the drug.
Bath salts are derived from cathinones, which are synthetic chemicals with chemical similarities to cocaine. The most commonly used cathinone-like chemicals in bath salts are mephedrone and methylenedioxypyrovalerone. These are relatively new drugs and may be 10 times stronger than cocaine.
Unlike other stimulants, the effects of bath salts last for several hours. They are often used at raves and other events.
Bath salts have been associated with violent attacks. They can cause severe agitation, euphoria, and psychosis. They can also lead to dehydration and kidney failure. They can also cause heart problems, including arrhythmias and cardiovascular complications.
Bath salts are sometimes referred to as “legal cocaine.” The United States Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) reports that six percent of individuals reported using bath salts. However, the substance has not been completely controlled.
Pericarditis by ECG and cavitary lung lesions
Getting a cocktail of bath salts to your heart is one thing, but getting an infection to your heart is a different matter. A small sample of intravenous drug users has reported a surprisingly high percentage of cases of endocarditis and pericarditis. The most common culprits are benzodiazepines and antipsychotics. The most compelling cases were reported in patients with a history of chronic pain and/or an impaired immune system. The aforementioned patient had a harrowing prognosis, and a short course of antimicrobial therapy was required to bring her back from the brink. The resurgence is a matter of continuing to educate patients on best practices for prevention and management of infectious disease. This may include providing them with a copy of the manual for a specific syringe, and educating them on the merits of syringes in the first place.
Physical dependence and emotional withdrawal symptoms
Those who are suffering from bath salt addiction should seek professional help. Withdrawal from bath salts can be very uncomfortable, and a medically supervised detox is the best way to go.
Bath salts are powerful stimulants, and can cause serious dependence. This dependence may cause dangerous side effects, such as stroke, kidney failure, and tachycardia.
Bath salt withdrawal can be life-threatening, and should not be attempted without proper medical supervision. In-patient treatment is recommended for those suffering from severe withdrawal syndrome. However, an outpatient program is appropriate for those suffering from a mild to moderate withdrawal syndrome.
Detoxification at a treatment facility is generally conducted by medications and behavioral therapy techniques. These techniques are used to help patients understand the reasons for their addiction and develop positive coping mechanisms.
During withdrawal, antidepressants may be used to treat depression symptoms. Benzodiazepines can also be prescribed to reduce anxiety. Sedatives are also used to reduce symptoms of withdrawal.
Symptoms of bath salt withdrawal vary depending on the amount of bath salts a person uses. They include depression, insomnia, anxiety, and irritability. The symptoms of bath salts withdrawal will usually begin to ease within 48 hours. However, they may last as long as a week.
Aside from the physical and emotional withdrawal symptoms of bath salts, it is important to remember that the withdrawal process may lead to psychosis. Psychosis is a mental health disorder, and can be a warning sign that the individual may have an undiagnosed mental health condition.
Physical and emotional dependence are two distinct forms of addiction. While physical dependence is based on a physical reaction in the brain, psychological dependence is based on an emotional reaction in the brain.